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Why endosulfan is not banned in India?

Why endosulfan is not banned in India?

The Supreme Court passed interim order on May 13, 2011, in a Writ Petition filed by Democratic Youth Federation of India, (DYFI), a youth wing of Communist Party of India (Marxist) in the backdrop of the incidents reported in Kasargode, Kerala, and banned the production, distribution and use of endosulfan in India …

Which chemical has been totally banned in India?

The list of pesticides, according to the draft order, proposed to be banned include insecticides, fungicides and weedicides: 2,4-D, acephate, atrazine, benfuracarb, butachlor, captan, carbendazin, carbofuran, chlorpyriphos, deltamethrin, dicofol, dimethoate, dinocap, diuron, malathion, mancozeb, methimyl, monocrotophos …

Is endosulfan a pesticide?

Endosulfan has been used globally as a pesticide since the 1950s to control a variety of insects including whiteflies, aphids, leafhoppers, Colorado potato beetles, and cabbage worms. Endosulfan exists as two (α and β) isomers that can be metabolized to endosulfan sulfate and endosulfan diol.

Why was endosulfan in the news recently?

Endosulfan causes DNA damage in animals: Study Researchers in India for the first time have found that mice and rats exposed to endosulphan suffer from DNA damage and genomic instability, and impaired DNA damage response. This breakthrough discovery was discovered team of researchers led by Prof.

Is carbaryl banned in India?

Carbaryl is toxic to insects and kills both targeted and beneficial insects. Although approved in U.S, it is not legal in many countries. It is also toxic to humans.

Is Quinalphos banned in India?

These include insecticides such as chlorpyriphos, quinalphos, thiram and zineb. These pesticides are banned in other countries, but are currently in use in India. The draft order pointed out alternatives that can be used instead of the pesticides. There have been 18 Class 1 pesticides that were being used in India.

Which pesticide is most harmful?

2,4,5-T or 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid is a synthetic auxin, also used as a herbicide.

  • C.
  • D.
  • Most harmful pesticide is DDT because it is nonbiodegradable and on runoff from the fields , it reaches the water bodies and gets accumulated in the bodies of fishes.
  • So, the correct answer is ‘DDT’.

    Which chemical is completely banned?

    On the ‘banned’ pesticides and formulations list are aldrin, Benzene hexachloride, Calcium cyanide, Chlordane, Copper cetoarsenite, Cibromochloropropane, Endrin, Ethel mercury chloride, Ethyl parathion, Heptachlor, Menzaone, Nitrofen, Paraquat dimethyl suplhate, Pentachlorophenol, Phenyl mercury acetate, Sodium methane …

    What happens if we drink endrin?

    Exposure of humans to a toxic dose of endrin may lead within a few hours to such signs and symptoms of intoxication as excitability and convulsions, and death may follow within 2–12 h after exposure if appropriate treatment is not administered immediately. Recovery from non-fatal poisoning is rapid and complete.

    Is endosulfan toxic?

    Endosulfan is a highly toxic insecticide that produces tonic-clonic convulsions, headache, dizziness and ataxia. It can also cause life threatening metabolic disturbances.

    How does endosulfan effect on human beings?

    Endosulfan is readily absorbed by humans via the stomach, lungs and through the skin. It can cause acute and chronic toxicity. Laboratory assays suggested more susceptibility of female than males to the lethal effects of endosulfan. Laboratory studies have also shown that there are potential carcinogenic effects.

    Is it illegal to use endosulfan in India?

    Except the state of Kerala, India is one of the nations where endosulfan is not banned and can be freely used. A lot of effort has been initiated by various research institutions, nongovernmental organizations, etc to impose a ban or restriction on the use of endosulfan but the efforts could not bring the positive results.

    When did the Supreme Court ban endosulfan in India?

    The Supreme Court of India refused to lift the ban on manufacture, sale and use of pesticide ‘Endosulfan’ but has considered the industry’s request to export the existing stock. Responding on a PIL filed by the Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI), the pesticide was banned on 13 th May 2011 by The Supreme Court of India.

    Which is an example of a conditional ban on endosulfan?

    Kerala is an example of how conditional ban of endosulfan might impair efforts for a global elimination. Though banned in Kerala, endosulfan is being smuggled into the state through porous borders. Unlike other countries that will have to comply with the ban within a year, the exemption allows India to phase out endosulfan over five years.

    Which is the largest producer of endosulfan in India?

    But in case of Kerala, extreme public pressure has been considered and use of endosulfan was banned by the order of the Supreme Court of India. In spite of imposing restrictions on it, India is a big producer of endosulfan. Since 1996-97, it produces an average of 8206 MTPA totalling 41033 MT between 1995 -2000.