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Who was responsible for the development of monasticism?

Who was responsible for the development of monasticism?

Benedict of Nursia (480-543): Considered the father of Western monasticism, Benedict originally took up the life of a hermit, but after being surrounded by numerous others, he founded a communal house at Monte Cassino.

What was the purpose of the monastic movement?

The ultimate purpose of the monastic endeavour is to attain a state of freedom from bondage, where both bondage and freedom are defined in theological terms.

Who was St Benedict and what did he do?

St. Benedict was a religious reformer who lived in Italy in the late 400s and early 500s. He is known as the “father of Western monasticism,” having established a Rule that would become the norm for innumerable Christian monks and nuns. He is the patron saint of Europe.

Who wrote the rule of St Benedict?

Benedict of Nursia
Holy Rule of St. Benedict/Authors

The Rule of Saint Benedict (Latin: Regula Sancti Benedicti) is a book of precepts written in 516 by Benedict of Nursia ( c. AD 480–550) for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot.

Why did monasticism rise in prominence?

Monasticism became quite popular in the Middle Ages, with religion being the most important force in Europe. Monks and nuns were to live isolated from the world to become closer to God. Monks provided service to the church by copying manuscripts, creating art, educating people, and working as missionaries.

Why was economic activity important for monasteries?

The economic survival of monasteries partly depended on the labor of monks to plant and harvest the crops, shear the sheep, or pick the fruit. Some monasteries found ways to increase their wealth even while individual monks accepted a life of poverty.

What was the importance of the Benedictine rule?

significance to Benedict’s rule provided for a monastic day of work, prayer, and contemplation, offering psychological balance in the monk’s life. It also elevated the dignity of manual labour in the service of God, long scorned by the elites of antiquity.

Who is the patron saint against evil?

Saint St Benedict of Nursia Lot of 25 Saint St Benedict of Nursia Patron Against Evil Medal Pendant 1 1/4 Inch: Clothing, Shoes & Jewelry.

Who was the Basilian rule for?

Basilian monks are Catholic monks who follow the rule of Basil the Great, bishop of Caesarea (330–379). The term Basilian is typically used only in the Catholic Church to distinguish Greek Catholic monks from other forms of monastic life in the Catholic Church.

Who was the founder of the monastic community?

Benedict (480- 547 A. D.) set up (529 A.D.) set up a monastery and it became very famous. He drew up a set of rules for his own community. These were 73 in number. Through the influence of the Popes these rules were soon adopted quite generally by the monastic communities in Western Europe.

How did monasticism become an institution in Europe?

Gradually it came to Western Europe as an institution. In Europe, the hermits set up an association or brotherhood. This, in course of time, became an institution within the church. Thus monasticism in Europe became a social affair. At first each of the various-monastic groups formulated its own rules.

Who was the leader of the monastery at Monte Cassino?

One remarkable exception is the rule devised by Benedict of Nursia (ca. 480–534) for the monastery at Monte Cassino, which was widely adopted in religious communities throughout western Europe, encouraged by such powerful promoters as Pope Gregory I (the Great, died 604) and the emperor (742–814).

Who was the founder of the Benedictine monastery?

He founded the great Benedictine monastery, Monte Cassino, in 529. The religious vows taken in the West were first developed by St. Benedict. These vows were three in number: obedience, conversion of life, and stability. Obedience calls for the monk to obey Christ, as represented by the superior person of the monastery, which is an abbot or prior.