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When did France rule Algeria?

When did France rule Algeria?

French rule of Algeria was established during the years of 1830–47, in which a groundwork was created in how the nation would be controlled. Before they officially became a colony of France, Algeria remained under largely military administration.

How long did it take Algeria to win its independence from France?

7 years, 4 months
Upon independence in 1962, 900,000 European-Algerians (Pieds-noirs) fled to France within a few months in fear of the FLN’s revenge….Algerian War.

Date 1 November 1954 – 19 March 1962 (7 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Territorial changes Independence of Algeria from France

Why did France keep Algeria?

In the year 1830, Algeria was colonized by the French, leading to over a century of exploitation. The French were clearly seeking a piece of land to exploit for its natural resources and people.

Who ruled Algeria before the French?

Once the breadbasket of the Roman Empire, the territory now comprising Algeria was ruled by various Arab-Amazigh dynasties from the 8th through the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire.

Why did the Ottomans lose Algeria?

The continued piracy on European, and later American, ships led to repeated attacks on Algiers by Spain, Denmark, France and England, with the invasion by the French in 1830 eventually bringing the Ottoman rule of Algiers to an end. The French ruled for 132 years before Algeria gained independence in 1962.

What was the rule of the French in Algeria?

Colonial rule. The manner in which French rule was established in Algeria during the years 1830–47 laid the groundwork for a pattern of rule that French Algeria would maintain until independence. It was characterized by a tradition of violence and mutual incomprehension between the rulers and the ruled; the French politician …

Where did French Algeria fight in World War 2?

During World War II (1940–45) Colonial troops of French Algeria were sent to fight in metropolitan France during the Battle of France in 1940. After the Fall of France, the Third French Republic collapsed and was replaced by the Philippe Pétain ‘s French State, better known as Vichy France.

How long did the French blockade of Algeria last?

The blockade lasted for three years, and was primarily to the detriment of French merchants who were unable to do business with Algiers, while Barbary pirates were still able to evade the blockade.

Who was the first hero of Algerian independence?

The Algerians, who had fought against foreign invaders numerous times before, put up a resistance against the French. Abd al Qadir, venerated as the first hero of Algerian independence, gained the support of tribes throughout Algeria and by 1839 controlled two-thirds of Algeria.