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What was the first spacecraft to fly past Jupiter?

What was the first spacecraft to fly past Jupiter?

Launched in March 1972, Pioneer 10 lived up to its name by becoming the first space probe to ever cruise past the Jovian system. The spacecraft came to within 81,000 miles (130,365 kilometers) of the tops of the clouds that cover Jupiter.

What spacecraft crashed into Jupiter?

Accomplishments. Galileo changed the way we look at our solar system. When the spacecraft plunged into Jupiter’s crushing atmosphere on Sept. 21, 2003, it was being deliberately destroyed to protect one of its own discoveries—a possible ocean beneath the icy crust of the moon Europa.

Did any rocket went to Jupiter?

The Galileo spacecraft was the first to have entered orbit around Jupiter, arriving in 1995 and studying the planet until 2003. As it approached Jupiter, it also witnessed the impact of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9. In December 1995, it sent an atmospheric probe into the Jovian atmosphere, so far the only craft to do so.

When was the first spacecraft sent to Jupiter?

NASA’s Juno spacecraft, which arrived in the Jovian system in July 2016, is currently studying the giant planet from orbit. Significant Events Significant Events 1610: Galileo Galilei makes the first detailed observations of Jupiter. 1973: Pioneer 10 becomes the first spacecraft to cross the asteroid belt and fly past Jupiter.

What was the name of the first NASA spacecraft?

No spacecraft has gone farther than NASA’s Voyager 1. Launched in 1977 to fly by Jupiter and Saturn, Voyager 1 crossed into interstellar space in August 2012 and continues to collect data. Voyager 1 and its sister ship Voyager 2 have been flying longer than any other spacecraft in history.

When did Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 come close to Jupiter?

NASA lost contact with Pioneer 11 in 1995. The Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 probes both flew past Jupiter in 1979, on their way out of the solar system. Represented here is Voyager 2’s encounter with Jupiter. (Image credit: NASA/JPL) Voyager 1 left Earth in September 1977, and made its close approach of Jupiter in March 1979.

What did the pioneer and Voyager probes do to Jupiter?

The Pioneer probes and Voyagers 1 and 2 together completed the preliminary reconnaissance of those gas giants. But Galileo undertook a much more systematic, in-depth, and holistic analysis of the entire Jupiter system, featuring close flybys of its satellites, and intense study of its particles and fields.