How does race affect employment in South Africa?
Occupations remain highly segmented by race, with blacks disproportionally holding low-paying jobs (compared with whites), although segregation and segmentation also affect in a different way the other population groups (Indians/Asians and Coloureds).
What are the minorities in South Africa?
Population groups include Black African 41 million (79.2 per cent), whites 4.6 million (8.9 per cent), coloured 4.6 million (8.9 per cent), Indian/Asian 1.3 million (2.5 per cent), Other 0.3 million (0.5 per cent), to form a total of 51.8 million (rounded to the nearest hundred thousand) (data: 2011 census).
How many migrant workers are in South Africa?
An estimated 2.9 million migrants resided in South Africa at mid-year 2020 (ibid.), the most industrialized economy in the region and a particularly attractive destination for those in search of education and better opportunities.
How does race affect unemployment in South Africa?
Unemployment varies dramatically by race: Africans face unemployment rates of 41% but the rate for whites is only 6%. Unemployment decreases monotonically by age, ranging from 51% for the youngest group to 17% for the eldest group. The incidence of unemployment also varies importantly by region, gender, and education.
Who ended the system of apartheid in South Africa?
The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government. These negotiations took place between the governing National Party, the African National Congress, and a wide variety of other political organisations.
What was migrant labour needed for in South Africa?
Typically, men contract to work in the major cities while leaving their families and political rights behind them in the ‘homelands’. Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world.