Press "Enter" to skip to content

How did Cartier and Macdonald work as partners of Confederation?

How did Cartier and Macdonald work as partners of Confederation?

The two men worked as co-Premiers of the Province of Canada. Given that Macdonald and Cartier held support from Canada West and Canada East respectively, their alliance gave them the majorities needed for their government to work.

How was Sir Cartier as important as Macdonald to Confederation?

After rebelling against the government in the Rebellions of 1837–38, Cartier served as Canada’s first minister of militia and defence. Arguably the kingpin of Confederation, he was responsible for bringing French Canada, Manitoba and British Columbia into the Dominion. He is considered a Father of Confederation.

What did Macdonald do for Canada?

Macdonald’s greatest achievements were building and guiding a successful national government for the new Dominion, using patronage to forge a strong Conservative Party, promoting the protective tariff of the National Policy, and completing the railway.

Why is George-Étienne Cartier important to Canada?

Thanks to George-Étienne Cartier, the Quebec stalwart of the Grand Coalition, the Confederation was brought into existence. Surely the greatest contribution of Cartier to his country was the entry of Canada East (Quebec) into the Confederation.

Who are the three Fathers of Confederation?

The work was to include the 23 Fathers of Confederation, and secretary Hewitt Bernard….List of The Fathers of Confederation:

  • Hewitt Bernard, secretary.
  • William Henry Steeves.
  • Edward Whelan.
  • William Alexander Henry.
  • Charles Fisher.
  • John Hamilton Gray, P.E.I.
  • Edward Palmer.
  • George Coles.

Who was George Étienne Cartier’s nemesis?

Federally, Cartier represented Montreal East following the conclusion of Canada’s first election on 20 September 1867. At the next federal election in August 1872, he was defeated by Louis-Amable Jetté while seeking a second term in Montreal East in the face of the Pacific Scandal.

What did George Brown do for Canada?

George Brown (November 29, 1818 – May 9, 1880) was a Scottish-Canadian journalist, politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation; attended the Charlottetown (September 1864) and Quebec (October 1864) conferences.

Why did Canada West want representation by population?

For this reason, the representatives of Canada West began to push for “rep by pop”—representation by population—meaning that the number of members of the legislative assembly should depend on the number of voters. This way, Canada West would be assured a majority in the Legislative Assembly.

Why was MacDonald and Cartier important in the Great Coalition?

Cartier was attacked in Lower Canada for allying himself with Brown, whose anti-French views were well documented. But Cartier felt that the union of the colonies would have several advantages for Lower Canada. Together, Macdonald, Cartier and Brown would lay the groundwork for the union of British North America.

When did George Cartier become Prime Minister of Canada?

Upon the creation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, Macdonald became Prime Minister and Cartier was his Minister of Militia and Defence. As the law of the time allowed a dual mandate in both the federal and provincial governments, Cartier ran in the 1867 Quebec provincial election in Montréal-Est electoral district.

Why did Sir John A Macdonald appoint Cartier to his cabinet?

A recent election had shuffled the Canada East section of the cabinet and three new members joined. One of which was Cartier as the new Provincial Secretary. Macdonald noted that Cartier was “a Montrealer body and soul,” that he had the industry and method required of his new position, and Macdonald believed he could rely upon Cartier.

Why did Macdonald, Cartier and brown come together?

Macdonald is sitting down in the center and Cartier is standing to the left of him. Regardless of their feelings about one another, Macdonald, Cartier, and Brown came together to form the Great Coalition. Their goal was to promote the union of the colonies. They spearheaded the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864.